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What is ADHD?


According to the DSM-5, Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), children diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is estimated to total 6.1 million. 

Criteria & Symptoms of ADHD

  • Inattention: Difficulty sustaining attention, may overlook details, can find their mind wandering, easily sidetracked, avoidance of projects that require extended mental capacities/effort, may misplace and lose items of importance

  • Hyperactivity & Impulsivity: Fidgeting, difficulty sitting still or in place for extended periods of time, restlessness, excessive talking, may struggle to keep up with schoolwork or stay present with conversations 

ADHD often includes other mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders and may reduce quality of social, academic, and occupational functioning.

  • 5 in 10 children with ADHD also have a behavior or conduct problem
  • 3 in 10 children with ADHD also have anxiety

Gender Differences

Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls. 

  • Boys present more hyperactive symptoms such as fidgeting, lack of self-control, etc.
  • Girls present more attention-deficit symptoms of ADHD such as getting easily distracted, difficulty concentrating, etc.

Supports for ADHD

Three in four children with ADHD receive supports, including:

  • Medication
  • Behavioral Treatments
  • School supports such as classroom accommodations, additional assistance, etc.
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